The Electron

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The Electron 2018-01-22T07:46:33+00:00

cathode ray tube consists of a sealed glass tube fitted at both ends with metal disks called electrodes. The electrodes are then connected to a source of electricity. One electrode, called the anode, becomes positively charged while the other electrode, called the cathode, becomes negatively charged.

In order to determine if the cathode ray consisted of charged particles, Thomson used magnets and charged plates to deflect the cathode ray. He observed that cathode rays were deflected by a magnetic field in the same manner as a wire carrying an electric current, which was known to be negatively charged.

Thomson knew that opposite charges attract one another, while like charges repel one another. Together, the results of the cathode ray tube experiments showed that cathode rays are actually streams of tiny negatively charged particles moving at very high speeds. While Thomson originally called these particles corpuscles, they were later named electrons.
Summary
Cathode rays are deflected by a magnetic field.
The rays are deflected away from a negatively charged electrical field and toward a positively charge field.
The charge/mass ratio for the electron is 1.8 × 10^8 Coulombs/gram.

 

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