Principles of Ecology

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Principles of Ecology 2018-08-05T10:11:04+00:00

Ecology

Ecology is the study of interactions.

Introduction to Ecology

Life Science can be studied at many different levels. You can study small things like cells. Or you can study big things like a group of animals. You can also study the biosphere, which is any area in which organisms live. The study of the biosphere is part of ecology, the study of how living organisms interact with each other and with their environment.

 

Ecologists do two types of research:

1)Field studies.

2)Laboratory studies.

Organisms and Environments:

All organisms have the ability to grow and reproduce. To grow and reproduce, organisms must get materials and energy from the environment. Plants get their vitality from the sun through photosynthesis, though creatures get their vitality from different life forms. Either way, these plants and animals, as well as the bacteria and fungi, are constantly interacting with other species as well as the non-living parts of their ecosystem.

An organism’s environment includes two types of factors:

 

1.Abiotic factors are the parts of the environment that are not living, such as sunlight, climate, soil, water, and air.

2.Biotic factors are the parts of the environment that are alive, or were alive and then died, such as plants, animals, and their remains. Biotic factors also include bacteria, fungi and protests.

Ecology studies the interactions between biotic factors, such as organisms like plants and animals, and abiotic factors.

 

Summary

Ecology is the study of how living organisms interact with each other and with their environment.

Abiotic factors are the parts of the environment that have never been alive, while biotic factors are the parts of the environment that are alive, or were alive and then died.

 

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