Predation is another mechanism in which species interact with each other. Predation is when a predator organism feeds on another living organism or organisms, known as prey. The predator always lowers the prey’s fitness. It does this by keeping the prey from surviving, reproducing, or both. Predator-prey relationships are essential to maintaining the balance of organisms in an ecosystem.
There are different types of predation, including:
True predation is when a predator kills and eats its prey. Some predators of this type, such as jaguars, kill large prey.
In grazing, the predator eats part of the prey but does not usually kill it.
Parasitism is a type of symbiotic relationship and will be described in the Symbiosis concept.
Predation happens when a predator organism feeds on another living organism or organisms, known as prey.
Predators can be keystone species, a species that can have a large effect on the balance of organisms in an ecosystem.