Plant cells have a large central vacuole, are surrounded by a cell wall, and have chloroplasts, which are the organelles of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis converts the sun’s solar energy into chemical energy. This chemical energy, which is the carbohydrate glucose, serves as “food” for the plant.
First, plant cells have a large central vacuole that holds a mixture of water, nutrients, and wastes. A plant cell’s vacuole can make up 90% of the cell’s volume
Second, plant cells have a cell wall, while animal cells do not (Figure below). The cell wall surrounds the plasma membrane but does not keep substances from entering or leaving the cell. A cell wall gives the plant cell strength and protection.
A third difference between plant and animal cells is that plants have several kinds of organelles called plastids. And there are several different kinds of plastids in plant cells.
Plant and animal cells differ in that plants have a large central vacuole, while animals have smaller vacuoles.
Plant cells also have cell walls and plastids, while animal cells do not.