Memory register

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Memory register 2018-03-20T09:49:02+00:00

A register is a temporary unit of memory in the CPU. These receive data/information and then this data/information is held in them as per the requirement. Registers can be of different sizes(16 bit , 32 bit , 64 bit and so on) and each register inside the CPU has a 1 4 specific function like storing data, storing an instruction, storing address of a location in memory etc. The user registers can be used by an assembly language programmer for storing operands, intermediate results etc. Accumulator (ACC) is the main register in the ALU and contains one of the operands of an operation to be performed in the ALU.

In a computer, the Memory Address Register (MAR)[1] is the CPU register that either stores the memory address from which data will be fetched from the CPU, or the address to which data will be sent and stored.

In other words, MAR holds the memory location of data that needs to be accessed. When reading from memory, data addressed by MAR is fed into the MDR (memory data register) and then used by the CPU. When writing to memory, the CPU writes data from MDR to the memory location whose address is stored in MAR. MAR which is found inside the CPU goes either to the RAM(Random Access Memory) or Cache.

The Memory Address Register is half of a minimal interface between a microprogram and computer storage. The other half is a memory data register.

In general, MAR is a parallel load register that contains the next memory address to be manipulated. For example, the next address to be read or written.




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