Cognitive Learning

Home/Cognitive Learning
Cognitive Learning 2018-02-27T09:31:24+00:00

We have all seen a classroom full of students sitting and watching teacher impart upon them the ancient wisdom of their elders or teaching them state capitals both are important. Did you ever wonder what is going inside the head of the teacher or the students? How does the information that they are taking in their head is transforming into actual knowledge? Well, wonder no more as today we are going to walk through the process of how we learn through cognition or

cognitive learning.

The first thing we need to do is to define two keyword cognition and learning. Cognition is the process of acquiring and understanding knowledge throughout thoughts experiences and senses. Learning involves acquiring knowledge through experience study or being taught. If you think that this concept is awfully similar, you are right both are inexorably linked. Learning requires cognition and cognition requires learning whenever you see and hear something new you go through a series of cognitive processes which are the processes that result in learning. The first step in the

cognitive learning

process is attention.

To begin learning a student must be paying attention to what they are experiencing. As anyone who has been to a class full of children knows attention isn’t unlimited and can be quite fleeting. Education psychologists have concluded that the average person can hold approximately two or three learned tasks in their attention at the same time. For example, if you are trying to dust and vacuum simultaneously you may be able to pull it off but if you throw in between on the work which is out of the mainstream work. Like eating a sandwich are odds are good you’ll take a bite out of your duster and smear lunchmeat on the walls we also know that the average person can only attend to one complex task at a time. It is like trying to drive and od long division which is again not going to happen. Or talk on the phone while waltzing unlikely! The simple logic behind this is you can’t have enough attention to do each task completely. Next, the information that you are paying attention to has to be put into memory and a process called storage.

There are three levels of memory through each information must travel to be truly learned. Let’s say for the first time you hear the capital state of West Bengal is Kolkata this information is now in your sensory registered which hold everything you are exposed to for just a second or two. But the time you complete reading the sentence you might have already forgotten the what is what. But re-reading the sentence, however, process the information from the sensory register into short-term memory. The short-term memory holds information anywhere from 20 seconds up to a minute. If you rehearse the information such as repeating it to yourself, taking notes or studying, it has the chance of moving to your long-term memory. This area will hold information indefinitely and has an unlimited capacity. The challenge as we shall see can be in finding things in the stored memory.

cognitive learning

or the

cognitive learning

Theory is fairly based on the

cognitive learning

model of human behavior, this completely emphasizes on one’s free will and the positive aspects of behavior in humans.

Our brain organization the information in such a manner that it can be retrieved later encoding can work through many processes such as developing verbal mnemonics or the delightfully named method of loci. But the goal is to assign a specific meaning to something you have learned. For example, the mnemonics for remembering the planet order comes to mind “My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nachos”. By remembering this you can quickly recall the names and order of all the planets. Retrieval goes hand in hand with encoding by simply reversing the process of encoding. If you want to remember which planet is fourth from the Sun, one must run through your mnemonics and you will find your answer. For example, since the fourth word is Mother the fourth planet is Mars. No discussion id

cognitive learning

and simple learning is complete without a brief mention of two of the main theories of cognition and learning. One of the oldest theory comes from Jean Piaget who based much of his work on studying his own children as they developed. Piaget was constructive which is to say that he believed all knowledge is built like you would be built anything piece by piece. The pieces Piaget used are known as schemata the plural for the schema which represents anything that one might know from an object to a process. He theorized that children learned by countering additional information and either finding existing schema into which they can incorporate the additional information or constructing a new schema. For example, a child may encounter a cat for the first time if the child had a dog they refer to the cat as a dog, because in their mind they have a schema of a dog and the cat is close enough. For example, four legs, tail and furry all check.


cognitive learning

basically refers to an individual’s feelings, thoughts, ideas their own knowledge and understanding of themselves and their environment around. Therefore, an individual applies this

cognitive learning

method which is not only the result of the response of stimulus but is the application of internal image of an external environment.


Robert Gagne another pioneer of educational phycology who develops the informational process of modeling for simplicities sake we will only look at the part that relates directly to our discussion. Gagne developed a three-part system of

cognitive learning

with each part have subsidiary phases. The first part is the preparation for learning that involves gaining the students attention. Providing them with expectation what they are to learn and recall the prior relevant information. Once the student is primed to learn they move on to acquisition and performance during which the student’s attention is drawn to the appropriate stimulus. The fact that you are trying to teach them, the method for encoding such as mnemonics and imparted students are quizzed for retrieval of information and the information is reinforced with positive feedback. Finally, a transfer is achieved by providing a final cue to the retrieved the information and helping the student to learn to generalize the information. In other words, apply the information to other areas of life.

Researchers conducted many experiments to elucidate

cognitive learning


They trained a lab-rat to turn right into the ‘T’ maze set up to collect food. For instance – Scientists put the lab-rat in the opposite part of the maze to start from, here the study revealed that according to the operant conditioning theory, the lab-rat should have taken a turn towards the right as that was the past conditioning, but surprisingly, it took off towards the position the food was placed.


There had a lot of information that had been thrown at you but let’s look at the highlights. Cognition learning is the process of acquiring knowledge through our thoughts experiences and senses. Learning involves acquiring knowledge through experience study and being taught. These two concepts are almost identical and cannot occur without each other the first step in

cognitive learning

is paying attention. Information cannot be learned if the student is distracted. When the information is put into memory and a process called storage information being stored goes through memory stage sensory register which holds the information for a few seconds. Short-term memory which holds the information for a few minutes and with practice the information will move to long-term memory which is limitless. The information learned must be encoded in some manner to make the information meaningful so that it can later be retrieved by revising the encoding process. Finally, you need to remember that John PJ learned by building schemata which are the plural of schema and Robert Gagne developed the information processing model of learning.


When using PiRuby, our tailored application software will train young brains to explore, understand and learn new concepts and subjects in the

cognitive learning

with a reward system that will keep them motivated at the same time push them to achieve greater milestones. Each question, reading content and visual experiments will get deeply registered in their mind as they are built to be easily recognized and remembered.

PiRuby is the perfect Tool to Discover Educational Content from Textbooks. Learning and Excellence Made Easy… Really Easy!

Find us on facebook

Contact Us