Body Parts of Fungi

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Body Parts of Fungi 2018-05-07T14:09:52+00:00

The main body of most fungi is made up of fine, branching, usually colourless threads called hyphae. Each fungus will have vast numbers of these hyphae, all intertwining to make up a tangled web called the mycelium.The mycelium is generally too fine to be seen by the naked eye, except where the hyphae are very closely packed together. The picture on the left was taken through a microscope. The hyphae are magnified 100 times life size.

Some fungi, such as Honey Fungus, which is a parasite of woodland trees, have hyphae collected together into long cables, called rhizomorphs. Because there are so many hyphae packed together, they are easily seen, forming black ‘bootlaces‘. These can spread through a woodland infecting neighboring trees.

The most important body parts of fungi include:

1.Cell wall: A layer around the cell membrane of fungi cells made largely of chitin and other polysaccharides. It is similar to that found in plant cells, though the plant cell wall contains the polysaccharide cellulose.

2.Hyphae: These are thread-like strands which interconnect and bunch up into a mycelium.

3.Specialized structures for reproduction: fruiting body, A mushroom is a fruiting body, which is the part of the fungus that produces spores

Summary
Fungi have a cell wall.
The fungal body consists of thread-like structures called hyphae, which can bunch up into a mycelium.
Fungi often make specialized reproductive structures, such as a mushroom.

 

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