Biology App

Biology App 2018-05-10T12:19:37+00:00

Biology is the subject that studies life in all its forms and

Biology App

will help you to thrive. The most basic unit and the foundation of all life is the cell. They’re incredibly complicated molecular factories and cellular biology studies the structure and functions of the many different things inside a cell. Cells were evolving for over 3 billion years until multicellular animals appeared. That’s over two-thirds of the age of the earth! So, no wonder they’re so complicated.

INSIDE CELLS

Molecular Biology

Biology App

teaches you Molecular biology which investigates the insides of cells and studies how the different systems work with each other on a molecular basis. It looks at DNA, RNA, amino acids and the creation of proteins, how they interact with each other and what effects these interactions.

Structural Biology
The above phenomenon is related to structural biology you can learn more about on

Biology App

which looks at the shape of biological molecules like amino acids, nucleic acids, and enzymes; Biology app will help you answer questions like “Why they have these structures?” and “How differences in their structure affect how they work?”
Biochemistry
Biochemistry goes one step even deeper and looks at how these biological molecules interact with each other on a chemical level. Life is essentially a load of complex chemical reactions and biochemistry studies the underlying chemical signals and reactions of life.
Biophysics
The molecules of life are too small to see with optical microscopes Biology App help you with visuals and so many techniques in physics like x-ray crystallography, or cryo-electron microscopy are used to see the structure of biomolecules. As well as tools for studying life, biophysics and quantum biology also look at the physics that underpins biological processes, seeking to explain how things work on a physical level.

GENETICS

Biology App talks about your DNA holds the blueprint of who you are, and genetics is the study of how DNA is expressed to create all the different forms of life through genes, and how this information is passed on from one generation to the next.
Population genetics
Population genetics looks at the genetic differences within a species and hair species differ from one another. The DNA code of an organism is huge and so we need computers to find patterns in the data.
Bioinformatics
Bioinformatics is the subject that uses computer programming to analyze and interpret biological data in genetics, and many other fields. Wherever the amount of data is too large to analyze with previous statistical methods.
Biomathematics
Biomathematics uses the tool of mathematics to build models of biological processes and is used in many different areas from genetics to biotechnology to studying ecosystems.

ORGANISMS

You started off as a single cell, how that cell divided and grew into you.
Cellular and Developmental Biology
Developmental biology is the study of how a single cell transforms into a life form. An interesting area in developmental biology is the growth and differentiation of stem cells into the different cells in your body.
Anatomy
The Anatomy looks at the structure and organization at the scale of entire organisms. It includes both plants and animals and seeks to label all the different components that make up an organism.
Biomechanics
Biomechanics looks at how parts of the body are designed for movement. The most obvious is the articulation of our limbs, but it also includes the flow of fluids or the mechanical properties of bones or tissues like the valves in our heart. At the microscopic level, it also looks at the strength or flexibility of cells or parts of cells.
Physiology
Well, anatomy studies what organisms are made of, Physiology studies how these parts work and interact with each other. It seeks to understand how all the different components in an organism work together to keep it functioning normally.
Immunology
Immunology studies our immune system, how it protects us from infection in a multitude of ways. It also investigates the many ways our immune system can go wrong:
  • allergies
  • autoimmunity where your immune system attacks your own body
  • to wider conditions like cancer many other illnesses.

MEDICAL

Biomedical Research
The increased lifespan of humans has been helped significantly by biomedical research: trying to find ways to tackle the causes of illnesses and death. This spans many areas from basic research, to developing new medical devices and new ways of finding and diagnosing illnesses. Or developing new drugs through clinical trials in the pharmaceutical industry.
Bioengineering
Bioengineering takes the principles of engineering and the knowledge of biological systems and mashes them together to solve real-world problems. This can be used to make devices to help in medicine like artificial organs which are called biomedical engineering.
Biotechnology
Further, it can be used to create biotechnology like genetic engineering where the genetic code of organisms is modified to tackle diseases or for example to make crops that are resistant to challenging growing conditions.
Synthetic Biology
Synthetic Biology is another branch of Bioengineering where scientists can make organisms that don’t occur in nature by making new sequences of DNA from scratch. Or redesigning existing systems like genetically engineering e. coli to perform useful tasks like making drugs or targeting delivery of drugs in the body.
It’s worth pointing out that all of the subjects on this map are very interrelated. Most of them draw upon many of the other areas in their research.
Neuroscience
A good example is Neuroscience the study of the nervous system and especially the brain. It involves
  • the Anatomy of the brain
  • the physiology of neurons as well as
  • molecular biology and
  • biochemistry of the brain.
Pharmacology
Pharmacology studies the effects drugs have on the body. It looks at many aspects of drugs, how to make them, what to make them from and their effect in different biological systems. Pharmacology is related to the pharmacy which is the science of preparing and dispensing drugs.
Pathology
Pathology is the study of causes and effects of diseases, and the diagnosis of disease through taking samples from the body like blood or tissue. It also looks at how cells adapt to injury, the healing of wounds, inflammation, or abnormal growth of new cells like with cancer. It’s also used to investigate how people have died using post-mortem examinations.
Epidemiology
Epidemiology looks at health and disease in whole populations and looks at the patterns of disease how it’s transmitted and the effects on the overall health of a population. Diseases are monitored all the time and if there’s an outbreak epidemiologist swoop in to work out how it’s spreading and try to mitigate the damage.

PRE-HISTORIC STUDY

Taking a wider view, biology includes the study of the entire natural world. Looking at the deep past we get
Paleontology
Paleontology is the study of prehistoric life, looking at fossils to work out what ancient creatures look like and how they evolved.
Evolutionary Biology
It’s closely related to Evolutionary Biology which looks at how all the life on Earth originated from a single common ancestor and studies how evolution led to the wide diversity of life on Earth.
Zoology, Marine Biology, and Botany
The many plants and animals that live on the earth today fall under the study of Zoology, Marine Biology, and Botany. These lookers in animals, plants and fungi, their development, behavior, physiology and how to classify all the distinct species.
Ecology
Ecology looks at how whole groups of animals and plants interact with each other in an environment:
  • how animals compete or cooperate with each other and
  • how many kinds of plants and animals inhabit in the same environment.
Environmental Biology
This is closely related to environmental biology which looks at how eco-systems can be thrown off balance by humans through pollution, agriculture or fossil fuel emissions causing changes to environments and the climate.
Astrobiology
So far, the only life we’ve seen in the universe exists on earth, but are we the only planet in the universe with life on it? or are there other planets out there with their own strange forms of life? Astrobiology is our attempt to answer this question, to work out how life may arise from chemical reactions and to probe distant planets and moons for signs of life.
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