Education is a fundamental right to children between the age of 6 and 14 years. However, this has not always been the same in the education sector back in the olden days. The Indian educational system has seen some of the greatest reforms and has taken a leap into a profoundly better version. From teaching traditional elements, like religion, scriptures and Vedas to learning technology, like programming, virtual reality, etc. the education system has evolved tremendously.
So here is how the educational sector has evolved along with time –
The Traditional Learning (Gurukuls)
One of the earliest forms of education in India was through Gurukulams (Gurukuls). This education commenced under the guidance of Gurus, similar to the concept of boarding schools, in the olden days children who were tutored by Gurus had to stay in the Gurukulam until the completion of their course.
This is considered as a way to achieving enlightenment and education. What was mostly taught was imparted on topics like Vedas, scriptures, religion, warfare, etc. eventually, courses like commerce and mathematics (Ghanithaabyasa) were also taught to train people in the field of business.
Construction of Educational Institutions (Temple Schools)
In the middle ages, people who were qualified in language went to neighboring countries from India to gain more knowledge and new skills. This became the break point where emperors from royal patronage like Rastrakuta Dynasty, Chola Dynasty, Pala Dynasty, etc. began to construct buildings that doubled as a residence for educators as well as transformed into formal schools.
Education in Multiple Domains (Private Tuitions)
During the early modern era, private tuitions came into existence in India and in fact gained lots of popularity. With the Mughal dynasty being prevalent in the North India, the traditional methods of education in that area consisted of Islamic religious teachings through private tuitions.
Picking up pace, the institution of education also started to include grammar, philosophy, mathematics, and law in their curriculum. For a fact, the early modern era was the time when a full-fledged course system was prescribed to the students.
Schools, Colleges, and Universities
The education we prevalently follow now or followed was the one influenced and adapted from the colonial era. The British rule, brought in many changes in education, in fact, the whole concept of education, as Indians saw it was reformed to speedy modernization.
In early 1800’s, Persian, Sanskrit, and other languages were replaced by English as the official language. At this time, many colleges and universities were developed in India, to make a few mentions, the University of Madras, University of Mumbai, University of Calcutta and the Allahabad University.
Public and Private Schools & Colleges
And then the independence of India led to many established dense network of educational institutions. The government then retained English as the medium of instruction and it made huge changes in the syllabus. It also included Indian history, law, etc.
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) was established in the year 1962 and has since then been one of the best standards of school education. Later the colleges and universities that were built in the colonial era continued with transformation in terms of changes and improvements in the syllabus and methods of teaching.
To increase the engagement level in the students and make education globalized, various technologies like wireless technology, virtual reality, and simulation came into the picture nowadays. In reality, both classrooms and students’ living spaces have been compromised in the past one decade to suit new-age students’ growing needs.
These are some of the changes that the Indian education system has faced since the ancient times and all that seems to be solved by the never ending upgrades in the technological sector. But how much transformation is good, that only time can answer.
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